Decipher Your Sneeze: Allergies

Allergies are an immune system response to a foreign object, to which the body has become hypersensitive. Although incredibly common, many people do not know the source of their allergies or how to prevent them.

Understanding what causes allergies can not only help you avoid certain symptom triggers, but can also save your life!

Are there different types of allergies?

According to the Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America, there are many different types of allergies. The substances that cause the reaction are labeled as allergens. These allergens typically fall in the following groups:

  • Drug: ex.- Medicines
  • Food: ex.- Shellfish, Nuts, Wheat, Gluten
  • Insect: ex.- Bees, Wasps, Ants, Hornets
  • Latex: ex.- Gloves, Balloons, Condoms
  • Mold: ex.- Mildew, Mold Spores
  • Animal: ex.- Dander, Fur
  • Pollen: ex.- Flowers, Grasses

Allergies can be seasonal or year round, depending on the specific allergen trigger. For example, the phrase “hay fever” is a term commonly used to describe a seasonal reaction to pollen, typically occurring in the spring and summer months.


What are the risks of allergic reactions?

An allergic reaction can range anywhere between a mild skin irritation to anaphylaxis. Anaphylaxis is a life-threatening condition that can cause your body to go into anaphylactic shock. Mayo Clinic cites that you should seek medical attention immediately if you experience:

  • A sudden drop in blood pressure
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Lightheadedness
  • Skin rash
  • Severe shortness of breath
  • Rapid, weak pulse
  • Loss of consciousness

Getting tested by your physician for allergies can help you to learn what allergens to avoid, as well as provide you with emergency preparedness methods, such as an epinephrine pen.

How can I find out more information?

Allergies impact your daily function and overall quality of life. If you would like to learn more about triggers your allergies, click HERE or contact Texas Dermatology and Laser Services team at (210) 829-5180, to schedule a consultation.

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